Learning About Medicinal Cannabis - What are THC & CBD?

You might have heard a lot of information regarding medicinal cannabis. You might even recognize the acronyms THC and CBD. But, do you know what THC & CBD are? Are you aware of the benefits of THC & CBD for patients with chronic conditions.

THC & CBD are cannabinoids, chemical compounds found in cannabis. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main psychoactive ingredient in medical cannabis. CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Together, they can be powerful allies in treating chronic conditions and giving patients a new lease on life.

Cannabinoids work by attaching themselves to specialized receptors in nervous system cells. These receptors can be found in different parts of the body, including the brain, spinal column, lungs, kidneys and the gastrointestinal, immunologic and central nervous systems. Cannabinoids can influence areas related to pain, pleasure, memory, thought and others. The human body produces cannabinoids naturally. The THC and CBD contained in medicinal cannabis can be used to medically stimulate certain effects that help treat chronic conditions.

For example, THC helps relieve pain by stimulating brain cells to release dopamine. THC works differently from opiates such as morphine. This means they can be used as an alternative treatment for chronic pain without the secondary effects produced by opiates.

CBD is a non psychoactive cannabinoid. One of the effects of this cannabinoid in the human body is that it reduces and prevents inflammation and nausea, helps relieve post-traumatic stress disorder, helps treat epilepsy and cardiovascular disease, and even works as an analgesic for neuropathic pain and muscle spasms. These chronic conditions are sometimes hard to treat with conventional medicines. Medicinal cannabis offers an alternative treatment option for patients of these conditions.

One of the main advantages of medicinal cannabis is that it contains both THC & CBD. Working together, these cannabinoids can be extremely effective as they compliment each other. For example, CBD can help with anxiety, which can be a side effect of THC. Also, each chemical helps relieve a different kind of pain. This means that a patient can be relieved of different pains with one treatment.